The Presbyterian Church in Canada is responding to Cyclone Freddy in Malawi through Presbyterian World Service & Development (PWS&D) .
Latest Update, March 20, 2023, by the Rev. Dr. Blair D. Bertrand, who serves as a Malawi Liaison with the Church of Central Africa Presbyterian (CCAP) in the Synod of Blantyre.
Thankfully, many of our direct partners in Malawi have come through the worst of it intact. The Vice Chancellor of Zomba Theological University (ZTU) confirms that while classes were cancelled, there was no loss of life in the immediate university community. Likewise, with Churches Action Relief and Development, the “CARD family” made it days after the storm.
All Malawians in the southern region now face the aftermath of one of the most traumatizing and difficult experiences they have faced. Connex Kalinde, a staff with the Mennonite Central Committee and a local pastor, says, “I have seen with my eyes [the] wiping away of close to a hundred houses about 500 meters from where I stay in Blantyre.” While trying to help others, he fears his house will suffer the same fate.
Hamilton Banda, the coordinator for the Ndirande Handicap Centre, a ministry that aids and equips people with physical and mental disabilities in one of the largest and poorest urban areas in Malawi, is both thankful and despairing. Through ceaseless efforts, the Centre has built a location that has remained safe through the numerous landslides. There is hope that they can help their community. On the other hand, at least 15 of the most vulnerable have lost their homes and latrines. The dangers of inadequate sanitation, such as cholera, are now very real for those already struggling with difficult life circumstances.
Others, such as Chance Mhango, a student at ZTU, talk about the uncertainty of what is to come. He had heard that “even Chawe Dam is not [safe] at all. People are saying it is full to [the] maximum, bringing fear down here.” The dam he refers to holds back a large lake on the top of the Zomba plateau. If it were to break, the entire city would face flood conditions.
There is an immediate need to help with search and rescue, with food and water, and with putting infrastructure such as roads back together. Facebook and WhatsApp groups keep each other apprised of current road conditions, with entire regions in the southern part of the country inaccessible due to flooding.
The long-term analysis will reveal that the severity of the landslides has been exacerbated by deforestation. Deforestation occurs at a devastating pace because charcoal is the main source of fuel for the majority of Malawians. Without trees, the soil cannot absorb the rain; instead, it washes away. So, not only is the primary building material for small homes mud-based bricks (obviously susceptible to rain and flood damage), but these homes sit on deforested areas increasingly prone to flooding and landslide.
Updates from the Church of Central Africa Presbyterian – Synod of Blantyre in the south of the country where tropical storm Freddy has left destruction in its wake, and from the Church of Central Africa Presbyterian (CCAP) – Synod of Livingstonia located in northern Malawi. CCAP – Synod of Blantyre and CCAP – Synod of Livingstonia are partners of The Presbyterian Church in Canada (PCC).
The General Secretary of CCAP – Synod of Blantyre, the Rev. Dr. Billy Gama, writes that Cyclone Freddy has caused widespread devastation in the southern parts of Malawi. The cyclone, reported as one of the most powerful tropical storms to hit the southern hemisphere, has torn through Malawi a second time, resulting in the deaths of some 220 people, with many more people injured and missing.
The Rev. Dr. Gama, who appealed for assistance in a written statement on behalf of Synod of Blantyre, noted that the synod “is mobilizing support through its churches to support” those affected by the cyclone and asking that “all churches open their church buildings to be used as shelters” for those who have lost their homes to the cyclone. Presbyterian World Service & Development (PWS&D) has sent money in response to the cyclone to assist in search and rescue efforts and provide food items in evacuation camps. Funds will also be used to enable assessment teams to determine the best possible response to the disaster.
In the northern part of the country, people face another, different disaster. While the tropical storm demolished homes and swept away whole villages in the southern parts of the country, some districts in the north are caught in a drought, which has withered crops. Mrs. Mphatso Nguluwe-Chikhwaza, the director for the CCAP Synod of Livingstonia’s health department, writes in an update to the PCC, “Malawi is not well, […] with people washed away like leaves.”
Compounding these two disasters is a cholera outbreak and spiralling food prices. Mrs. Nguluwe-Chikhwaza writes that the tropical storm and the drought “will be very hard for [her] work because issues like cholera and malnutrition will increase and at the same time the little money which the government would have set [aside] for medical supplies will be diverted to the disasters.” She asks that we “continue praying” for Malawi. “We value all your prayers, and we thank God for you.”
We will update this post as we receive information from our other partners in Malawi, including the Church of Central Africa Presbyterian (CCAP) – Synod of Blantyre in the south of Malawi and PCC mission staff working with partners in the country.